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DIY Red Wines
& Fruit Wines
Enjoy wines from any types of grapes are not exciting enough for you. Lets try
making wines from other fruits available in the markets. Drinking freshly made
unpasteuried wines give you more health benefits, its natural taste, colour and
aroma are only available for homebrewers to enjoy.
Health Benefits of Red Wines
It now seems clear that regular consumption of up to 1-2 drinks a day (1 standard drink is approximately equal to 5 oz, or 125 ml,
of 13% wine) does reduce mortality, due to a 10%-40% lower risk of coronary heart disease, especially for those over the age of
35 or so (see Alcohol consumption and health). Originally, the effect was observed with red wine. Compounds, known as
polyphenols, are found in larger amounts in red wine, and there is some evidence that these are especially beneficial. One
particularly interesting polyphenol antioxidant found in red wine is resveratrol, to which numerous beneficial effects have been
attributed. Red wine also contains a significant amount of flavonoids and red anthocyanin pigments that act as antioxidants.
With excessive consumption, however, any health benefits may be offset by the increased rate of various alcohol-related
diseases, primarily cancers of mouth, upper respiratory tract, and ultimately, cirrhosis of liver, especially if consumption of red
wine is immoderate.
Other studies have shown that similar beneficial effects on the heart can be obtained from drinking beer, and distilled spirits.
However, recent studies show that only red wine reduces the risk of contracting several types of cancer where beer and other
alcoholic beverages show no change. Dr. Sinclair of Harvard University and others claim that resveratrol is the active molecule
responsible for the significant difference in lowering cancer risks and that the required amounts are only found in red wine.
Trace amounts of resveratrol exist in grapes, white and red wine and peanuts.
Sulfites (or sulphites) are chemicals that occur naturally in grapes and also are added to wine as a preservative. They can
trigger a severe and life-threatening allergic reaction in a small percentage of consumers, primarily asthmatics. In the USA
nearly all commercially produced wine, including that with no added sulfites, is required to state on the label "contains
sulfites." In other countries they do not have to be declared on the label, leading to a common mistaken belief that only wine
from the USA contains sulfites. Many consumers who have adverse reactions to wine, such as headaches or hangovers, blame
added sulfites but are probably reacting instead to naturally-occurring biogenic amines such as histamine. The quantity of
sulfites in a glass of wine is the same as in a serving of dried apricots.
DIY Vegan Red Wine
The following is excerpted from Wikipedia
Wine is sometimes made with animal products. While wine is essentially made from grapes, on occasion animal products are
used in small amounts in the production process, and these wines would not be suitable to be part of a vegetarian or vegan
Wineries might use animal-derived products as finings. To remove proteins, yeasts, and other organic particles which are in
suspension during the making of the wine, a fining agent is added to the top of the vat. As it sinks down, the particles adhere to
the agent, and are carried out of suspension. None of the fining agent remains in the finished product sold in the bottle, and
not all wines are fined.
Examples of animal products used as finings are gelatin, isinglass, chitosan, casein and egg albumen. Bull's blood is also used
in some Mediterranean countries but is not allowed in the U.S. or France.
Of these, casein and albumen (deriving from milk protein and egg white respectively) would be acceptable for vegetarians, but
not for vegans.
As an alternative to animal products Bentonite, a clay mineral, can be used to clarify the wine. Some vintners also let the wine's
sediments settle naturally, a time-consuming process. Winemakers are not required to put on their label which clarifier is used,
since it is removed from the final product. However, some wine makers will boast on the wine label that their wine is unfiltered,
because some wine connoisseurs prefer wine to be unfiltered.